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The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of a novel thromboxane receptor blocking drug vapiprost (GR32191) after single intravenous doses in healthy subjects


, : The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of a novel thromboxane receptor blocking drug vapiprost (GR32191) after single intravenous doses in healthy subjects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 32(2): 181-186

1 The effect of single, serially increasing, intravenous doses of a specific thromboxane receptor blocking drug, vapiprost, upon platelet aggregation induced ex vivo by the thromboxane A2 mimetic, U-46619, was examined in 12 healthy males. 2 Subjects received either 1 (n = 1 subject), 2 (n = 6), 3 (n = 2), or 4 (n = 3) administrations of vapiprost within the dose range 0.125 to 16 mg and, in random order, placebo on separate study days at intervals of at least 48 h. 3 All doses of vapiprost produced an immediate antagonism of U-46619-induced platelet aggregation in whole blood. Both the magnitude and duration of the rightward displacement of the concentration-effect curves increased with dose. Although lower doses produced parallel displacements of these curves, with the higher doses the maximum response to U-46619 was reduced such that 50% platelet aggregation was not achieved. After the 16 mg dose of vapiprost, virtually complete suppression of platelet aggregation (up to a concentration of 30 microM) was seen. This degree of inhibition was maintained for 2 h after dosing, following which there was a gradual return to pre-dose U-46619 sensitivity over the next 12 to 24 h. U-46619-induced platelet aggregation was unaffected by placebo. 4 Across the dose range, vapiprost was rapidly cleared from plasma, with an elimination half-life of 69-84 min and a plasma clearance of 514-721 ml min-1.

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PMID: 1834144


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