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The sites of encephalic photoreception in phosoperiodic induction of the growth of the testes in the white-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii

, : The sites of encephalic photoreception in phosoperiodic induction of the growth of the testes in the white-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii. Cell and Tissue Research 189(3): 441-467

In bilaterally enucleated White-crowned Sparrows, Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii, testicular growth and development at rates similar to those of intact birds subjected to long days, can be induced by illumination of sites within and near the ventromedial hypothalamus from the tips of single, chronically implanted, light-conducting fibers. Essentially identical results are obtained with the same mode of encephalic illumination of birds with intact eyes held on short days that are otherwise nonstimulatory. Examination of the distribution of the sites of the fibers from which weak illumination induced testicular growth, increase in plasma level of luteinizing hormone or increase in plasma level of testosterone suggests that most of the photoreceptors must lie either within the ventromedial hypothalamus or in sites ventral thereto, such as the tuberal complex. For the time being, at least, we find it necessary to assume that some photosensitive elements of the system occur outside of the ventral hypothalamus.


PMID: 657255

DOI: 10.1007/bf00209132

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