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Therapy for poor-risk patients with small-cell lung cancer using bolus ifosfamide and oral etoposide


, : Therapy for poor-risk patients with small-cell lung cancer using bolus ifosfamide and oral etoposide. Cancer ChemoTherapy and Pharmacology 26(1): 71-74

A total of 47 poor-risk small-cell lung cancer patients (elderly, poor performance status, recent myocardial infarction, or extensive-stage disease with biochemical abnormalities) were treated with a regimen of bolus ifosfamide at 1.5 g/m2 with equidose mesna as a 30-min infusion, followed by 100 mg oral etoposide daily for 8 days. Therapy was repeated every 3 weeks. The overall response rate was 60% (75% for limited-stage and 48% for extensive-stage disease), and the overall median survival was 7 months. Patients' performance status significantly improved with therapy (P less than 0.0001). Despite the poor-risk factors, the Manchester prognostic score was applied and verified. The median survival was 8 months for patients with a good prognosis, 6 months for those with an intermediate prognosis and 2.5 months for poor-prognosis patients (P = 0.0002). Therapy was well tolerated. The median WHO grade of haematological toxicity was 2 (range, 0-4). Only 10/226 (4%) courses were delayed due to leukopenia. Blood transfusions followed 18/226 (8%) courses. Intravenous antibiotics were given following 15/226 (7%) courses. No patient required platelet support. Poor-risk patients who have a good or intermediate Manchester prognostic score may benefit from this low-toxicity regimen.

US$29.90

PMID: 2157555


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