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Titanium nitride cardiac pacemaker electrodes

, : Titanium nitride cardiac pacemaker electrodes. Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering 34(7-8): 185-190

The sensing and pacing performance of pacemaker electrodes is characterized by the electrochemical properties of the electrodes/tissue layer; the usually smooth metallic electrode surface results in a high pass filter characteristic. Consequently, the detected intracardiac signals, which control the implantable systems, are not optimally matched to the spectral contents of the depolarisation signal. To avoid interference caused by noise (EMI, muscle potentials, etc.) a shift of the frequency of the band pass towards the lower frequency spectrum is required. As previously reported, the electrochemical properties of sintered and surface-treated electrodes prove the predicted improvement of sensing performance if titanium-nitride coated electrodes are used. Our results demonstrate their superiority above all the other electrodes presently known. The advantages can be referred to the micro-crystalline surface structure achieved by sputter-deposited electrode coatings and the kinetics of the ionic exchange. Furthermore, the acute thresholds achieved with the TiN-systems were significantly better than those of the smooth metallic surface. These results were also confirmed for chronic implants and are attributable to the known biocompatibility of titanium and its alloys.


PMID: 2775825

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