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Tracheal instability in tracheo-esophageal abnormalities

, : Tracheal instability in tracheo-esophageal abnormalities. Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie 45(2): 78-85

The clinical pattern of signs and symptoms of respiratory complications due to flaccid trachea has been analysed in 83 children treated in our hospital between 1983 and 1988 for tracheo-oesophageal malformations. These signs and symptoms are classified according to endoscopic findings, and are thus arranged according to various degrees of severity. Of the surviving children who were followed up and who were suffering from oesophageal atresia Vogt III B, only 5 of 57 were without a pointer towards flaccid trachea, whereas in oesophageal atresia Vogt II there were two of three. The two children with an isolated tracheo-oesophageal fistula showed abnormal findings both clinically and via endoscopy. 16 of the 20 children with very severely pronounced flaccid trachea--defined by the occurrence of life-threating apnoeas and an endoscopically identifiable tracheal collapse of more than two-thirds of the lumen--were subjected to surgery via aortosternopexy. A marked and identifiable improvement was obtained in 15 cases. Complications caused by surgery consisted of temporary phrenicus lesions in two cases.


PMID: 2193469

DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1042555

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