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Viability of frozen-thawed mouse embryos is affected by genotype

, : Viability of frozen-thawed mouse embryos is affected by genotype. Biology of Reproduction 32(3): 507-514

Embryos from mice of five different genotypes were evaluated for their ability to survive cryopreservation as measured by post-thaw in vitro development. In Study 1, ovulation was induced with a standardized pregnant mares' serum gonadotropin (PMSG)/human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) regimen, after which females were mated with males of the same genotype to produce incrossed embryos. Four- to 8-cell embryos were frozen in 1.5 M dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at a rate of 0.5 degrees C/min to -80 degrees C and stored in liquid nitrogen. Following thawing at room temperature, embryos were cultured and development was evaluated 24 h later. The mean (+/- SEM) number of 4- to 8-cell embryos/pregnant female by stock/strain were: N:NIH(S), 6.8 +/- 0.8; N:NIH(S)-B, 5.8 +/- 0.5; N:GP(S), 6.5 +/- 0.6; C57BL/6N, 9.7 +/- 1.0; C3H/HeN MTV-, 9.5 +/- 0.9 (P less than 0.05). Post-thaw in vitro development was related to genetic background; the proportion of embryos culturing after thawing was: N:NIH(S), 49%; N:NIH(S)-B, 61%; N:GP(S), 66%; C57BL/6N, 75%; C3H/HeN MTV-, 56% (P less than 0.05). Study 2 was conducted to evaluate the influence of mating various females to males of a genotype known to have a lower post-thaw embryo survival rate. N:NIH(S)-B, N:GP(S), C57BL/6N, and C3H/HeN MTV- female mice were mated with N:NIH(S) males to produce hybrid embryos. Post-thaw embryo survival was reduced (P less than 0.05) in three of the four hybrid groups. Fresh incrossed and hybrid embryos from each study were cultured for 24 h and yielded culture rates ranging from 95% to 99% (P greater than 0.05) among all groups.


PMID: 3995127

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