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A new pacemaker for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation treated with radiofrequency ablation of the AV junction

, : A new pacemaker for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation treated with radiofrequency ablation of the AV junction. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 17(11 Pt 2): 1889-1894

Atrial fibrillation is a relative contraindication to atrial synchronous pacing because of the risk of the tracking of rapid atrial rhythms by the pacemaker. In this study, we describe the clinical results of an AV synchronous rate responsive pacemaker with an original algorithm, which is able to sense pathological increments in atrial rate and automatically to switch into a non-AV synchronous mode of pacing. This pacemaker was implanted in 12 patients who had undergone radiofrequency ablation of the AV junction in order to cure severely symptomatic, drug refractory, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In an acute, intrapatient comparison between the standard AV synchronous mode and the automatic switching mode, ventricular tracking of atrial fibrillation occurred in 35% and 4% of total beats at rest and in 24% and 2% of total beats during exercise, respectively (P < 0.001). During 5 +/- 4 months of follow-up, no further tachyarrhythmia related symptoms occurred. In conclusion, the standard DDDR mode is unable to eliminate ventricular tracking of atrial fibrillation, thus undermining the efficacy of AV junction ablation therapy. The automatic switching mode eliminates this adverse effect of dual chamber pacing.


PMID: 7845787

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