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A sensitive colorimetric assay for thrombin, prothrombin and antithrombin III in human plasma using a new synthetic substrate

, : A sensitive colorimetric assay for thrombin, prothrombin and antithrombin III in human plasma using a new synthetic substrate. Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 119(3): 157-164

Benzoyl-L-leucyl-L-alanyl-L-arginine-alpha-naphthylester (Bz-Leu-Ala-Arg-NE) was synthesized as a new substrate for use in the assay of thrombin. In the assay alpha-naphthol released by the enzyme reaction was measured colorimetrically. With Bz-Leu-Ala-Arg-NE as substrate, the minimum detectable concentration of human thrombin was 0.0025 U. This assay using Bz-Leu-Ala-Arg-NE is a highly sensitive method for detecting prothrombin, thrombin and antithrombin III in human plasma. Prothrombin could be determined with 0.2 microliter of human plasma using Echis carinatus venom (ECV) as activator. Antithrombin III activity could be determined with 2 microliter of human plasma using human thrombin and heparin as cofactor. A zymogram of human prothrombin was prepared with Bz-Leu-Ala-Arg-NE as substrate. The preparation gave one band (pI 4.9) on polyacrylamide disc gel isoelectrophoresis.


PMID: 6461438

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