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A sensitive delayed-type hypersensitivity model in the rat for assessing in vivo cell-mediated immunity

, : A sensitive delayed-type hypersensitivity model in the rat for assessing in vivo cell-mediated immunity. Journal of Immunological Methods 70(2): 153-165

Many drugs and other chemicals can alter cell-mediated immunity (CMI), a response that often correlates with delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH). Several DTH assays were evaluated to determine a method best suited for assessing chemically induced modulation of CMI in rats. The effects of various antigens, adjuvants, doses, routes, and immunosuppressants were investigated. The DTH method which produced optimum results in rats uses a footpad swelling reaction elicited by specific preparations of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). The rats were sensitized with 100 micrograms BSA in FCA injected subcutaneously at the base of the tail, and were challenged 7 days later with 75 microliter of 2% heat-aggregated BSA suspension injected into the left rear footpad. Footpad swelling was measured with pressure calipers 24 h later and compared to the contralateral footpad which was sham-injected with 75 microliters of physiological saline. Antigen-injected footpads were nearly double the thickness (7-8 mm) of the control footpads (3-4 mm), and variation between animals was small (CV = 5%). Dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide significantly suppressed the DTH reaction. Histopathological examination of the DTH reaction sites revealed a mononuclear cell infiltrate which is characteristic of type IV hypersensitivity. In addition to being highly quantitative and sensitive, this method provides a simple and reproducible assessment of CMI responses in the rat.


PMID: 6725958

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