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A sensitive solid phase enzymeimmunoassay for norethisterone (norethindrone) in saliva and plasma


, : A sensitive solid phase enzymeimmunoassay for norethisterone (norethindrone) in saliva and plasma. Steroids 35(4): 445-457

This paper reports the development of a solid-phase enzymeimmunoassay for quantitating levels of norethisterone (norethindrone) in small portions of plasma (10 mcliters) and saliva (100 mcliters). The assay system uses an antiserum against norethisterone-11 alpha-hemisuccinyl/bovine serum albumin conjugate, prepared by coupling to cyanogen bromide-activated cellulose. Enzyme label was norethisterone/horseradish peroxidase conjugate. The assay's sensitivity at its lower limit was 3 pg/tube. When these enzyme immunoassay results were compared with a standard radioimmunoassay, good agreement for both plasma (r=.99) and saliva (r=.98) was found. Healthy volunteers were then given a norethisterone-containing contraceptive orally, and their plasma and saliva levels of the agent were measured. The plasma and salivary values both peaked at 1 hour postadministration. Maximum salivary levels were but 3% of plasma levels; however, since they reflected, in ratio, concentrations in plasma, salivary measurements may prove useful in fertility control programs and pharamacokinetic studies.

US$29.90

PMID: 6990558


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