geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A serological evaluation of 1979-1982 Kenyan foot-and-mouth disease type SAT 2 viruses


, : A serological evaluation of 1979-1982 Kenyan foot-and-mouth disease type SAT 2 viruses. Journal of Hygiene 91(2): 335-341

Serological evaluations of foot-and-mouth disease type SAT 2 viruses isolated in Kenya between 1979 and 1982 were performed using the two-dimensional microneutralization test. Nine field isolates of epizootiological significance were compared with four vaccine viruses. The results obtained identified Tan 5/68 as the most appropriate reference vaccine virus strain since it had the broadest serological spectrum. Potent Tan 5/68 vaccines would be expected to provide adequate protection against the contemporary SAT 2 field viruses. In the case of K183/74, which also was shown to have a broad spectrum with viruses isolated in Kenya, the results show that the 1982 isolate from central Kenya was significantly divergent (r less than 1.00 at P = 0.01) and warranted tactical revaccination for its control. The study highlighted the fact that strain R1215 which had been isolated from the oesophageal-pharyngeal swabs of asymptomatic carrier cattle had a narrow serological spectrum suggesting that such viruses could be unsuitable as vaccine for the national campaign.

US$29.90

PMID: 6315815


Other references

Thunell, B., 1942: Comparative investigation of certain strength properties of Ash, Birch, and Beech timber.. Bending and impact tests on steamed and unsteamed samples of Ash, Birch and Beech at temperatures of 22 degrees , 0 degrees , and - 20 degrees C., showed that lowering the temperature to - 20 degrees effected only slight decreases in strength valu...

Tan, W.Shyang.; Prabhakar, C.; Liu, Y-Hung.; Peng, S-Ming.; Yang, J-Shane., 2013: Effects of iptycene scaffolds on the photoluminescence of N,N-dimethylaminobenzonitrile and its analogues. To understand the effect of iptycene scaffolds on the locally excited (LE) and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) fluorescence of aminobenzonitriles, a series of triptycene and pentiptycene derivatives were synthesized and their molecular struct...

Bhardwaj O.P.; Shriniwas, 1982: Soluble antigen fluorescent antibody test in the sero diagnosis of tuberculosis selection of antigenic preparation. Six antigenic preparations, used in different serological techniques for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis, were evaluated. The serological technique adopted was the modified soluble antigen fluorescent antibody (SAFA) test. Antigens were tested again...

Morishima, I.; Ogawa, S.; Inubushi, T.; Yonezawa, T., 1977: Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of hemoproteins. Interaction of horseradish peroxidase with indolepropionic acid. Febs Letters 80(1): 177-181

Solov'ev, V.N.; Zueva, V.S., 1963: Changes of mycerin- sensitivity in microorganisms developing in animal organisms. There were changes in the sensitivity to mycerin of cultures of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus, strain Zhaevi during the development of microorganisms in a pyogenic focus in an animal organism, or in vitro in the purulent exudate...

Thuring, S., 1974: Occurrence of coagulase-positive staphylococci in lactating cows. Staphylococcus aureus was not isolated from 507 skin swabs of udder and teats from 169 cows in 30 herds free from staphylococcal mastitis. Repeated bacteriological examination of 63 cows in a herd with a high rate of staphylococcal mastitis reveal...

Webber, W., 1994: Zearalenone?. An outbreak of zearalenone poisoning, causing impaired fertility in 11 of 61 heifers, is reported from a farm in New Zealand in Feb. 1993.

Hoffman, S.L.; Isenbarger, D.; Long, G.W.; Sedegah, M.; Szarfman, A.; Mellouk, S.; Ballou, W.R., 1990: T lymphocytes from mice immunized with irradiated sporozoites eliminate malaria from hepatocytes. When mice are immunized with radiation-attenuated sporozoites they are solidly protected against sporozoite challenge by an immune response that has been shown to require CD8+ lymphocytes in several strains of mice. The target of this CD8+ T-cell-...

Anonymous, 2003: Summaries for patients. Patient beliefs about lung cancer surgery. Annals of Internal Medicine 139(7): I38-I38

Jantsch, H.; Lechner, G.; Mach, K.; Pichler, W.; Karnel, F.; Graf, O.; Niederle, B., 1991: Balloon dilatation of benign esophageal stenoses. Benign stenoses of the oesophagus have been conventionally treated by endoscopic bougienage and were operated on in case of failure. Now that balloon catheters with large balloon diameters are available, interventional radiological dilatation of e...