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A serological survey for cholera antibodies in rural east Pakistan. 2. A comparison of antibody titres in the innunized and control populationd of a cholera-vaccine field-trial area and the relation of antibody titre to cholera case rate


, : A serological survey for cholera antibodies in rural east Pakistan. 2. A comparison of antibody titres in the innunized and control populationd of a cholera-vaccine field-trial area and the relation of antibody titre to cholera case rate. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 38(3): 335-346

Controlled field trials of a highly antigenic cholera vaccine were held in Matlab Bazar in rural East Pakistan in 1963 and again in 1964. In July-September 1965, a serological survey for cholera antibodies was carried out on a random sample of the field-trial population. This survey revealed that it was possible to demonstrate the effect of a single injection of the cholera vaccine per head on the proportion of the population with detectable vibriocidal and agglutinating antibody 10 and 22 months after injection. More significantly, the reduction in cholera case rate caused by the vaccine could be correlated with the rise in vibriocidal antibody after vaccination, suggesting that the serological response to vaccine in man may be a useful measure of vaccine potency. The survey also indicated that in this endemic cholera area, with a high level of immunity in adults, a single injection of cholera vaccine was in fact a booster dose for the majority of the population. Thus, the results of cholera vaccine field trials in endemic areas cannot be directly extrapolated to predict the effects of the same vaccine in non-endemic areas.

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PMID: 5302923


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