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A serum factor stimulating cathepsin D-release from erythrocytes or ghosts

, : A serum factor stimulating cathepsin D-release from erythrocytes or ghosts. International Journal of Biochemistry 16(2): 147-153

A serum factor preparation extensively purified from bovine serum stimulated cathepsin D-release from the rat blood cells in a concentration-dependent fashion within a range of physiological concentrations of the factor. Among the blood cells only the erythrocytes (or ghosts) were responsive to the factor, and the leucocytes and lymphocytes were unresponsive. The effects of Ca2+-concentrations, SH- blocking reagents, protease-inhibitors, calmodulin-inhibitors, calmodulin or EGTA-pretreatment of the ghosts on cathepsin D-release from the erythrocytes of ghosts in the presence or the absence of serum factor were investigated. The results suggested that the serum factor may first activate the Ca2+-calmodulin system via the mobilization of "Ca2+-pool" and then the calmodulin-dependent SH-protease in the erythrocyte plasma membranes. The activated protease in turn may break the linkage between cathepsin D and the plasma membranes, liberating cathepsin D activity into the incubation medium. The name of "calciferin" was proposed for the serum factor.


PMID: 6368282

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