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A serum-free, chemically-defined medium for function and growth of primary neonatal rat heart cell cultures

, : A serum-free, chemically-defined medium for function and growth of primary neonatal rat heart cell cultures. In Vitro 19(6): 471-478

A serum-free, chemically defined medium for supporting rhythmic contraction, maximum survival, and moderate growth of cardiac cells was achieved by using a combination of hormones and growth supplements in a mixture of equal volumes of Ham's F12 and Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. The hormones and growth supplements included insulin, transferrin, selenium, fetuin, bovine serum albumin, hydrocortisone (HC), L-thyroxine (T4), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Cardiac cells were grown on fibronectin-precoated plates using the above serum-free medium. Cells grown in this medium exhibited a higher beating rate and were maintained for a longer time compared to those cells grown in serum. The effects of T4, EGF, and HC on beating rate and survival time of both cultures of mixed cell population and enriched myoblast cell population were studied. In the enriched myoblast cell cultures grown in serum-supplemented medium, the beating rate ranged from 40 to 200 beats/min, and these cultures survived for 30 d. When these enriched cell cultures were grown in serum-free hormone-supplemented medium, the beating rate ranged from 190 to 240 beats/min, and these cultures survived for more than 90 d. These results show that some hormones affect growth, whereas others affect function.


PMID: 6603410

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