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A severe muscular dystrophy patient with an internally deleted very short (110 kD) dystrophin: presence of the binding site for dystrophin-associated glycoprotein (DAG) may not be enough for physiological function of dystrophin

, : A severe muscular dystrophy patient with an internally deleted very short (110 kD) dystrophin: presence of the binding site for dystrophin-associated glycoprotein (DAG) may not be enough for physiological function of dystrophin. Neuromuscular Disorders 5(5): 429-438

We report a 4-yr and 5-month-old boy with severe clinical features of an early-onset Duchenne muscular dystrophy, who had a very short (110 kDa) dystrophin at the sarcolemma. The patient had a large deletion (exons 2-44) of the dystrophin gene which was predicted to cause a reading frame shift. Sequence analysis of dystrophin mRNA in muscle revealed an alternatively spliced gene product from exons 1 to 51 that caused restoration of the reading frame, in addition to an mRNA corresponding to the DNA deletion. A consistent result was obtained by immunocytochemical analysis of muscle; i.e. positive staining for dystrophin at the sarcolemma using antibodies against the C-terminus, cysteine-rich region and last three of 24 repeat units of the central rod-domain, but not for the remaining antibodies for dystrophin that recognize the N-terminal and proximal rod-domains. Immunostaining for dystrophin-associated glycoproteins (DAGs: 43 and 50 K) and merosin were preserved. Utrophin staining was positive but fainter than other DMD muscles. These results suggest that an extremely short dystrophin lacking the entire actin-binding site in the N-terminus cannot function properly even if the protein possesses the putative DAG-binding cysteine-rich and the C-terminal domains, and still has an ability to associate with sarcolemmal membrane.


PMID: 7496177

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