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A short efficient synthesis of 16-oxygenated estratriene 3-sulfates

, : A short efficient synthesis of 16-oxygenated estratriene 3-sulfates. Steroids 38(5): 557-565

A novel synthesis of sodium 17-oxo-16 alpha-hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-yl sulfate (4), sodium 16 alpha, 16 beta-dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-yl sulfate (5) and sodium 16-oxo-17 beta-hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-yl sulfate (6) is described. 16 alpha-Bromo-3-hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-17-one (1) was efficiently synthesized in one step with 70-97% yield by bromination of 3-hydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-17-one with cupric bromide. 3,16 alpha-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-17-one (3) was quantitatively obtained by controlled stereospecific hydrolysis of the bromoketone 1 with sodium hydroxide in aqueous pyridine. The bromoketone 1 was converted to the 16 alpha-hydroxy-17-ketone 3-sulfate 4 by sulfation with chlorosulfonic acid in pyridine and a subsequent controlled hydrolysis in a high yield without formation of the other ketols. Treatment of the sulfate 4 with sodium borohydride have the triol sulfate 5. The sulfate 4 was also rearranged to the 17 beta-hydroxy-16-ketone 6 with sodium hydroxide in water in a quantitative yield.


PMID: 6275576

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