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An immunocytochemical study of the cytogenesis of pancreatic endocrine cells in the lizard, Anolis carolinensis

, : An immunocytochemical study of the cytogenesis of pancreatic endocrine cells in the lizard, Anolis carolinensis. American Journal of Anatomy 163(2): 181-193

The differentiation of the pancreatic endocrine cells in the lizard Anolis carolinensis following oviposition was examined. Immediately postoviposition (PO) there was no apparent differentiation of epithelioid cells into endocrine or exocrine components. Individual subpopulations of the endocrine-like cells, which could not be identified during the early PO period on the basis of either their tinctorial properties at the light-microscopic level or their granule morphologies at the electron-microscopic level, exhibited specific hormonal localization by peroxidase-antiperoxidase complex immunocytochemistry. All four hormones searched for, insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP), were present in epithelioid cells shortly after oviposition. However, the immunostained secretory granules in the early PO period were smaller than those of the adult. Secretory granule morphologies that are typical of the adult were acquired at different times during development. Delta granules were observed first and were followed by alpha granules, and beta granules which appeared shortly before birth. The secretory granules of the PP-containing F cells could not be readily placed within this maturation sequence. Mosaic cells (containing more than one hormone) were not seen. Levels of immunoreactive insulin and glucagon in the pancreas increased several fold from day 10 to day 28 PO, but the attainment of adult beta-granule morphologies did not appear to be directly related to insulin itself. The results show that cytodifferentiation of the anolian endocrine pancreas occurs postoviposition and that immunocytochemical methods can be used to follow an organelle sequence during development. These findings suggest that subcellular organelles undergo structural remodeling during maturation which, at least in the case of secretory granules, may have functional significance.


PMID: 7041604

DOI: 10.1002/aja.1001630207

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