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Carboxyimamidate, a low-molecular-weight polyelectrolyte with antitumor properties and low toxicity

, : Carboxyimamidate, a low-molecular-weight polyelectrolyte with antitumor properties and low toxicity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 25(9): 1060-1064

A new polyelectrolyte was synthesized and evaluated for antitumor activity. The product is a derivative of ethylene/maleic anhydride copolymer of low molecular weight (Mn approximately equal to 1100). The anhydride groups were first converted to the half-amide, half-ammonium salt by reaction with ammonia. A percentage (14-25 wt %) of these groups was further converted to the imide by heating. The product, carboxyimamidate (Carbethimer, N-137) inhibited the growth of a number of solid tumors in vivo. Sensitive tumor models included Lewis lung carcinoma, Madison 109 lung carcinoma, M5076 ovarian tumor, colon carcinoma 26, B16 melanoma, and P815 mastocytoma. Activity was dose related between nontoxic dose levels of 300 and 2000 mg/kg ip.


PMID: 7131485

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