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Chromosome-mediated gene transfer of hydroxyurea resistance and amplification of ribonucleotide reductase activity


, : Chromosome-mediated gene transfer of hydroxyurea resistance and amplification of ribonucleotide reductase activity. Molecular and Cellular Biology 3(6): 1053-1061

Metaphase chromosomes purified from a hydroxyurea-resistant Chinese hamster cell line were able to transform recipient wild-type cells to hydroxyurea resistance at a frequency of 10(-6). Approximately 60% of the resulting transformant clones gradually lost hydroxyurea resistance when cultivated for prolonged periods in the absence of drug. One transformant was subjected to serial selection in higher concentrations of hydroxyurea. The five cell lines generated exhibited increasing relative plating efficiency in the presence of the drug and a corresponding elevation in their cellular content of ribonucleotide reductase. The most resistant cell line had a 163-fold increase in relative plating efficiency and a 120-fold increase in enzyme activity when compared with the wild-type cell line. The highly hydroxyurea-resistant cell lines had strong electron paramagnetic resonance signals characteristic of an elevated level of the free radical present in the M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase. Two-dimensional electrophoresis of cell-free extracts from one of the resistant cell lines indicated that a 53,000-dalton protein was present in greatly elevated quantities when compared with the wild-type cell line. These data suggest that the hydroxyurea-resistant cell lines may contain an amplification of the gene for the M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase.

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PMID: 6308422


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