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Coexisting NPY and NE synergistically regulate renal tubular Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity

, : Coexisting NPY and NE synergistically regulate renal tubular Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity. Kidney International 45(6): 1606-1613

The sympathetic renal nerves are of central importance for the regulation of sodium balance. Sodium excretion decreases following renal nerve activation and increases following denervation. These effects have been attributed to norepinephrine (NE) acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors. In the present study, using isolated permeabilized rat renal proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) cells, neuropeptide Y (NPY) was shown to stimulate Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity. This 36-amino acid peptide is a messenger molecule in the sympathetic nervous system which is co-stored with NE and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), the NE synthesizing enzyme in the renal nerves. The effect is likely to be mediated via the NPY Y2 receptor, a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-protein, and calcium. It is partially antagonized by alpha-adrenergic antagonists, and enhanced by the subthreshold doses of alpha-adrenergic agonists. Our results suggest an important role for this peptide in the regulation of the sodium balance in the kidney.


PMID: 7523751

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