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Contrasting effects of nifedipine, captopril, and propranolol in normotensive and hypertensive subjects

, : Contrasting effects of nifedipine, captopril, and propranolol in normotensive and hypertensive subjects. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 4 Suppl 3: S358-S362

Nifedipine was given to 15 patients with essential hypertension for 6 weeks and to 8 normotensive subjects for 5 days. In the hypertensives, 30 min after the first dose of nifedipine (5-mg capsule), there was a 13.9% fall in mean blood pressure (p less than 0.001), and, at the 6th week of treatment at the maximum dose of 20 mg t.d.s., a 20.6% fall in mean blood pressure (p less than 0.001). In the normotensive subjects, 30 min after the first dose of 5 mg of nifedipine, there was a 2.3% fall in mean blood pressure (NS), and on the 5th day with the maximum dose of 20 mg t.d.s., the fall was 2.2% (NS). In view of the difference in age between these normotensive and hypertensive subjects, a larger group of patients with essential hypertension and older normotensive subjects were also studied acutely after a single 5-mg capsule of nifedipine. Thirty minutes after the first dose of nifedipine in the larger group of hypertensives, there was a significant fall in mean blood pressure (10.4%; p less than 0.001, n = 33). In the normotensive subjects, there was also a significant fall in mean blood pressure (4.7%; p less than 0.01, n = 29). This was significantly less than in the hypertensives (p less than 0.001). In both the normotensive and hypertensive subjects, there was a significant correlation between pretreatment blood pressure and percentage decrease in blood pressure with nifedipine. Nifedipine, therefore, has a greater blood pressure-lowering effect the higher the initial blood pressure. This finding is compatible with the idea that nifedipine reveals a functional abnormality of vascular smooth muscle that becomes greater the higher the blood pressure.


PMID: 6184568

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