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Decreased myocardial function and myosin ATPase in hearts from diabetic rats


, : Decreased myocardial function and myosin ATPase in hearts from diabetic rats. American Journal of Physiology 244(4): H586-H591

The effect of diabetes on cardiac function was determined in isolated rat hearts. Diabetes was induced by injection of alloxan (doses ranged from 37.5 to 60 mg/kg body wt), and the heart were removed and perfused in the working heart preparation. Doses of alloxan ranging from 37.5 to 42 mg/kg did not consistently alter cardiac function even though serum glucose was elevated and serum thyroid hormones were reduced. Injection of 45 mg/kg of alloxan caused a large increase in serum glucose and a larger decrease in thyroid hormones. In this case, ventricular function was more consistently depressed after 1-2 wk. Function was not altered 48 h after injection of 60 mg kg of alloxan. However, when animals were given 60 mg/kg of alloxan and then maintained on insulin for 7 days, depressed cardiac function developed within 4 days after the insulin treatment was stopped. The decline in function involved a decrease in heart rate peak systolic pressure, and left ventricular +dP/dt. It was associated with greatly reduced serum thyroid hormones (both T3 and T4) and lower ventricular Ca2+-activated myosin ATPase activity. Fasting of rats for 4 days also resulted in decreased serum T3 and T4, depressed cardiac function (although heart rate was unchanged), and lower Ca2+-activated myosin ATPase activity.

US$29.90

PMID: 6220613


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