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Effects of morphine, clonidine, and intensity change on electric-shock discrimination

, : Effects of morphine, clonidine, and intensity change on electric-shock discrimination. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 41(3): 309-317

The effects of morphine, clonidine, and changes in stimulus intensity were examined in squirrel monkeys responding on one of two levers following brief presentations of one of two electric-shock intensities (0.1 and 0.5 mA). Responses were designated as correct or incorrect depending on which shock intensity had been presented and which lever was pressed. Morphine (0.42 to 1.80 mg/kg) and clonidine (0.075 to 0.18 mg/kg) decreased percentage correct responding. Morphine and clonidine also increased response latency and the number of shock presentations that were not followed by responses. Changes in shock intensity also decreased percentage correct responding but had no effect on response latency or on the number of shock presentations not followed by responses.


PMID: 6736859

DOI: 10.1901/jeab.1984.41-309

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