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Effects of motilin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide on the migrating myoelectric complex in pig and dog

, : Effects of motilin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide on the migrating myoelectric complex in pig and dog. Gastroenterology 82(6): 1395-1402

Spiking activity of the gastrointestinal tract was recorded in 4 fasted pigs and 4 fasted dogs during the intravenous infusion at two rates, 5 (rate A) and 20 (rate B) ng . kg-1 . min-1 of 13-Nle-motilin, somatostatin, and bovine pancreatic polypeptide. Infusions continued for 2 h in pigs and for 5 h in dogs. 13-Nle-Motilin was unable to induce a migrating myoelectric complex or to modify its frequency in the pig at either rate of infusion. In contrast, the infusion of 13-Nle-motilin at rate B in the dog induced a migrating myoelectric complex but delayed the occurrence of the following migrating myoelectric complex. However, the mean duration (74 +/- 22 min) of the migrating myoelectric complex interval in the 5 h of infusion did not significantly change compared with the control period (92 +/- 8 min). At rate B, somatostatin inhibited the gastroduodenal spiking activity in the pig and disrupted the migrating myoelectric complex pattern, whereas this hormone at both rates of infusion increased the frequency of the migrating myoelectric complex by 69.3% and 17.2%, respectively, in the dog. The infusion of bovine pancreatic polypeptide increased the frequency of the migrating myoelectric complex significantly by 36.4% and 82% at rates A and B in the pig and by 148% at rate A in the dog. Bovine pancreatic polypeptide also inhibited spiking activity in the duodenum but not in the jejunum at rate B in the dog. These results suggest that pancreatic polypeptide, but not somatostatin, may have a regulatory function on the rhythmicity of the migrating myoelectric complex in the dog and pig and that motilin does not control the occurrence of duodenal migrating myoelectric complex in the pig.


PMID: 6121739

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