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Effects of multi-chromatic and achromatic targets and darts on throwing

, : Effects of multi-chromatic and achromatic targets and darts on throwing. Perceptual and Motor Skills 51(2): 519-522

This study determined the effects of achromatic and multichromatic targets and darts on throwing. Subjects were 56 college men assigned to one of four dart-and-target throwing conditions as follows: white target--white darts, white target--multi-colored darts, multi-colored target--white darts, and multi-colored target--multi-colored darts. Subjects threw from 20 ft. using an overhand throwing pattern. The main effect of target color and the interaction of target color and dart color were significant. The results indicated that white backgrounds are superior to colored backgrounds. Also, the interactions of colored darts against a white background produced the best combination for performance. In target tasks which depend upon response-produced feedback, color of figures and background interact apparently to affect motor performance.


PMID: 7443372

DOI: 10.2466/pms.1980.51.2.519

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