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Effects of multi-dose methylprednisolone sodium succinate administration on injured cat spinal cord neurofilament degradation and energy metabolism

, : Effects of multi-dose methylprednisolone sodium succinate administration on injured cat spinal cord neurofilament degradation and energy metabolism. Journal of Neurosurgery 61(2): 290-295

Thirty minutes after experimental spinal cord contusion (500 gm-cm) injury, cats were treated with an initial intravenous dose of either vehicle (V) or 30 mg/kg of Solu-Medrol sterile powder (methylprednisolone sodium succinate; MPSS). Two hours later, cats received a second intravenous injection of either V or 15 mg/kg MPSS, giving three treatment groups: V/V; MPSS/V; MPSS/MPSS. At 4 1/2 hours following injury of the cat lumbar spinal cord, the gray and white matter neurofilament protein content was reduced by over 70% within the injured segment of V/V-treated animals. The three major cat spinal cord neurofilament protein subunits of 200,000, 152,000, and 76,000 daltons were reduced in parallel by the injury. Treatment of cats with a single 30-mg/kg dose of MPSS (MPSS/V) provided a clear, although not significant, protection against neurofilament degradation compared with V/V-treated cats when measured at 4 1/2 hours after injury. The lactic acid content of the injured spinal cord segment at 4 1/2 hours after injury was significantly elevated in both V/V- and MPSS/V-treated cats, while the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, total adenylates, and energy charge were significantly reduced. The administration of a second intravenous 15-mg/kg dose of MPSS 2 hours after the initial 30-mg/kg dose (MPSS/MPSS) provided complete (p less than 0.01) preservation of neurofilaments within the injured spinal cord segment measured at 4 1/2 hours after injury. The levels of lactate, ATP, total adenylates, and tissue energy charge in MPSS/MPSS-treated cats were not different from those of uninjured spinal cords following laminectomy. The (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activity in the injured spinal segment was enhanced, although highly variable, in MPSS/V-treated animals. On the other hand, spinal cord enzyme activity was significantly and consistently elevated in the MPSS/MPSS-treated group. The results demonstrate that a 30-mg/kg dose of MPSS followed at 2 hours by a 15-mg/kg dose provides significantly better protection against injury-induced ischemia and Ca++-dependent neurofilament degradation than a single 30-mg/kg dose. These findings are in agreement with the spinal cord tissue pharmacokinetics and time-action characteristics of methylprednisolone observed in earlier studies.


PMID: 6539814

DOI: 10.3171/jns.1984.61.2.0290

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