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Effects of naloxone on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in isoflurane/nitrous oxide-anesthetized dogs

, : Effects of naloxone on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in isoflurane/nitrous oxide-anesthetized dogs. Neurosurgery 14(6): 688-696

The purpose of this study was to document the changes in the cerebral and systemic circulations that result from various doses of naloxone. Twenty-four dogs were anesthetized with 0.8% isoflurane and 70% nitrous oxide (1.3 minimal anesthetic concentration). Thirteen of the dogs received bolus injections of naloxone at logarithmically increasing doses 30 minutes apart. Blood flow to the brain and other organs was determined using the radioactive microsphere technique. Electrical activity was measured by electroencephalography (EEG). High dose naloxone increased both cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolism. The changes in CBF were most pronounced in structures containing a large amount of gray matter, particularly the cerebral cortex, brain stem, and cervical spinal cord. The increase in blood flow was proportionately greater than the increase in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen, and EEG activity was unchanged. Naloxone did not produce any significant cardiovascular changes or alterations in myocardial, renal, hepatic, stomach, jejunum, or temporalis and paraspinous muscle flow. Accordingly, it seems that naloxone may have direct cerebral vasodilator properties.


PMID: 6462403

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