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Effects of naltrexone on plasma corticosterone in opiate-naive rats: a central action


, : Effects of naltrexone on plasma corticosterone in opiate-naive rats: a central action. Life Sciences 34(12): 1185-1191

We have previously reported the elevation of plasma corticosterone by i.v. naloxone HCl (NX). This work has been extended, with the current study, showing a similar effect with naltrexone HCl (NTX) and that this effect is due to a central action of the drug. Using opiate-naive male rats with chronic i.v. catheters, stereotaxically placed intracerebroventricular (ICV) cannula guides where necessary, and sound-attenuated one-way vision boxes, serial blood samples were obtained from conscious unrestrained animals. NTX (5.0, 10.0, or 20.0 mg/kg i.v.) resulted in a significant increase in plasma corticosterone 15 min following injection. I.V. administration of the methylbromide salts of each drug, which do not cross the blood-brain barrier, did not produce this same elevation in hormone level at several doses (0.4, 1.0, 2.0, 10.0 or 20.0 mg/kg). In contrast, ICV injection of either of the quaternary salts (50 micrograms/10 microliter/animal) resulted in an immediate and sustained rise in plasma corticosterone. Results obtained demonstrate that NTX has a similar effect on plasma corticosterone as NX at the appropriate doses and that the effect is a central rather than a peripheral one.

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PMID: 6538628


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