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Effects of neighboring DNA homopolymers on the biochemical and physical properties of the Escherichia coli lactose promoter. III. High resolution thermal denaturation and circular dichroism studies

, : Effects of neighboring DNA homopolymers on the biochemical and physical properties of the Escherichia coli lactose promoter. III. High resolution thermal denaturation and circular dichroism studies. Journal of Biological Chemistry 257(21): 12970-8

High resolution thermal denaturation and circular dichroism studies were performed on a series of six recombinant DNA restriction fragments. The fragments varied in size from 132 to 193 bp and contained Escherichia coli wild type and UV5 lactose promoters both with and without homopolymer insertions of poly(dA).poly(dT) and poly(dG).poly(dC). A differential thermal destabilization of the wild type promoter region, as compared to the UV5 promoter, was observed when dA70.dT70 was inserted into the -60 region or both DNAs. This effect may depend, in part, on the differences in the base composition between adjoining cooperative units in the fragments. The relatively larger effect of the AT sequence on the wild type promoter region may be correlated with the increased levels of in vitro transcription activity described in the preceding paper (Klein, R. D., and Wells, R. D. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 12962-12969). Stretches of homopolymeric GC base pairs stabilized the wild type and UV5 promoter regions by over 2.5 degrees C. CD studies could not detect conformational differences between DNAs containing the wild type or UV5 promoter. The presence of homopolymers had a marked effect on the CD spectra of the fragments.


PMID: 6752145

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