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Effects of neonatal hyperthyroidism on the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in the rat

, : Effects of neonatal hyperthyroidism on the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in the rat. Endocrinology 110(3): 1037-1042

The acute and latent effects of neonatal hyperthyroidism (NH) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis were studied in the rat after treatment of newborn animals with L-T4 (0.4 microgram/g BW, daily) for a period of 12 days. NH was associated with a permanent reduction in body weight in both male and female rats, in addition to a delay in the attainment of peak concentrations of hypothalamic TRH and pituitary and serum TSH. Serum TSH, T4, and T3 concentrations also were significantly and permanently reduced in NH animals (P less than 0.01) after cessation of L-T4 treatment. The serum TSH secretory response to 1 microgram synthetic TRH also was evaluated in 120-day-old control and NH rats, before and after the administration of L-T4 (0.6 microgram/100 g BW for 7 days) or propylthiouracil (0.05% in the drinking water for 14 days). In the baseline state, adult NH rats had a net secretory response similar to that of controls (189.0 +/- 31.3 vs. 227.0 +/- 29.3 microgram/ml . min). Administration of T4 significantly decreased while propylthiouracil treatment significantly increased the net TSH secretory response of NH rats compared to similarly treated control rats. These data are compatible with the hypothesis that NH leads to a permanent resetting of the regulatory set-point for pituitary TSH secretion and to increased sensitivity to the feedback inhibitory effects of thyroid hormones.


PMID: 6799277

DOI: 10.1210/endo-110-3-1037

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