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Effects of neonatal treatment with monosodium glutamate on growth hormone release induced by clonidine and prostaglandin E1 in conscious male rats


, : Effects of neonatal treatment with monosodium glutamate on growth hormone release induced by clonidine and prostaglandin E1 in conscious male rats. Neuroendocrinology 38(1): 1-5

Effects of the centrally acting alpha-adrenergic agonist, clonidine, on growth hormone (GH) secretion was studied in conscious male rats pretreated with monosodium glutamate (MSG) during the neonatal period. GH secretory profiles in individual adult rats were obtained by repeated blood samplings every 10-20 min from 10.00 to 17.00 h. GH secretion was pulsatile with mean peak values at around 12.40 and 15.20 h in control rats. When clonidine (15 micrograms/100 g body weight) was injected intravenously into control rats at 14.00 h in the interval between two anticipated spontaneous GH bursts, plasma GH was increased with a mean peak value 20 min after the injection, and the following anticipated spontaneous GH burst was not observed during the experiment. In the rats neonatally treated with MSG (4 mg/g body weight, s.c.), which causes selective destruction of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus, plasma GH response to clonidine as well as the spontaneous GH bursts were considerably blunted, whereas prostaglandin E1 (5 micrograms/100 g body weight, i.v.) caused an abrupt increase in plasma GH levels in these animals. These results suggest that clonidine stimulates rat GH secretion, possibly by acting within the hypothalamus to stimulate GH releasing factor neurons.

US$29.90

PMID: 6320028


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