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Effects of nerve stimulation on enzyme secretion from the in vitro rat pancreas and 3H-release after preincubation with catecholamines


, : Effects of nerve stimulation on enzyme secretion from the in vitro rat pancreas and 3H-release after preincubation with catecholamines. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 327(3): 228-233

In the presence of the cholinergic antagonist atropine, electrical field stimulation (FS) (5-20 Hz) caused a marked, reversible increase in the amylase output from superfused rat pancreatic segments. Adrenaline and noradrenaline evoked dose-dependent increases in amylase output which were similar to those produced by FS. The FS- and catecholamine-evoked amylase secretions were abolished by the beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol. The FS-evoked secretion could be abolished by either the removal of external Ca2+ or the application of tetrodotoxin (TTX, 2 X 10(-6) M). FS also resulted in a reversible increase in the fractional efflux of tritium (3H) from rat pancreatic tissues preincubated with either 3H-noradrenaline or 3H-adrenaline. The effects of FS (5-20 Hz) on 3H efflux were abolished by TTX (2 X 10(-6) M). TTX had no effect on the enhancement of 3H efflux caused by elevation of external potassium concentration (high K+, 75 mM). Removal of superfusate Ca2+ completely abolished both the FS- and high K+-induced increases in 3H efflux. These observations suggest that intrinsic nerve stimulation (i.e. FS) results in the Ca2+-dependent release of sympathetic neurotransmitter, noradrenaline, which has a direct secretory action on the rat pancreas. Furthermore, the findings suggest that adrenaline can be taken up by nervous elements. This raises the possibility that uptake and re-release of circulating adrenaline might contribute to the control of rat pancreatic enzyme secretion by the adrenergic nervous system.

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PMID: 6208490


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