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Effects of neuropeptides on rat cortical neurons: laminar distribution and interaction with the effect of acetylcholine


, : Effects of neuropeptides on rat cortical neurons: laminar distribution and interaction with the effect of acetylcholine. Neuroscience 10(1): 107-117

The effects of the microiontophoretic application of five different peptides (cholecystokinin octapeptide sulfated form, cholecystokinin octapeptide non-sulfated form, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, angiotensin-II and substance P) on cortical neurons were studied in rats anaesthetized with urethane. Vertical electrode penetrations were made in the first somatic sensory cortex and the laminar position of the neurons determined by the reconstruction of the tracks based on extracellular dye deposits. The first type of effect observed was an excitation of some cortical neurons. These neurons were mostly found in infragranular layers, specially in layer Vb. Pyramidal tract neurons were more often excited by peptides than the cortical population taken as a whole. Substance P excited the largest percentage of neurons, followed by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and cholecystokinin octapeptide sulfated form, whereas angiotensin II and cholecystokinin octapeptide non-sulfated form were the least potent in terms of frequency of neurons excited as well as of amplitude of the responses. The vast majority of the neurons excited by a peptide could also be excited by acetylcholine. A second and independent effect of peptides was observed: the neuronal excitation induced by acetylcholine could be depressed by the simultaneous application of peptide. This depressing effect was also the most frequently observed with substance P, followed by cholecystokinin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide.

US$29.90

PMID: 6646417


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