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Effects of neurotransmitters and cyclic AMP on somatostatin release from cultured cerebral cortical cells

, : Effects of neurotransmitters and cyclic AMP on somatostatin release from cultured cerebral cortical cells. Brain Research 234(2): 377-386

The influence of cortical neurotransmitters and cyclic AMP on the release of immunoreactive somatostatin (IRS)from cultured cortical cells was examined. Cells were obtained by mechanoenzymatic dispersal of telencephalons of 17-day-old rat embryos and were maintained as monolayers in minimum essential medium with 10% heat-inactivated horse serum. After the cultures had stabilized morphologically and in cellular IRS content they were subjected to rapid sequential changes of a buffered salt solution with or without test substances added. The amount of somatostatin released was measured by a specific radioimmunoassay. Acetylcholine and the GABA antagonist, picrotoxin, both stimulated IRS release. The cholinergic stimulation was predominantly muscarinic. GABA and histamine, to a lesser extent, were inhibitory and norepinephrine and serotonin produced no net change in IRS release. Both cAMP and theophylline (DMX) stimulated IRS release. These results confirm the potential of intrinsic cortical somatostatinergic neurons to respond to endogenous neurotransmitters and further establishes somatostatin as a cortical neuromodulator.


PMID: 6120748

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