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Effects of nicotine on epithelial nephron cells in culture


, : Effects of nicotine on epithelial nephron cells in culture. Klinische Wochenschrift 62 Suppl 2: 86-91

Long-term effects of nicotine on cultured cells derived from defined segments of the nephron were studied in vitro. Nicotine was added during a 10-day incubation period to a defined nephron culture medium (NCM) which had been supplemented with one of the following: fetal calf serum (FCS), dexamethasone (D), aldosterone (A), or epidermal growth factor (EGF). Thymidine incorporation (10(-15) mmol/10(3) cells) into cultured cells of the cortical thick ascending loop of Henle (TAL) and of the cortical collecting tubule (CT) was inhibited by nicotine (5 X 10(1) ng/ml) when incubated in NCM only; the presence of FCS or of D (10(-8) M) or of D and EGF (25 ng/ml) prevented this inhibitory effect. Nicotine at a concentration of 5 X 10(2) ng/ml was inhibitory in TAL and CT even in the presence of FCS. Na-K-ATPase activity (pmol/10(3) cells X min-1) was stimulated significantly by D when compared with NCM; nicotine (5 X 10(2) ng/ml) prevented this inductive effect. Transepithelial voltage was 27.1 +/- 6 (mV) after incubation with A (10(-9) M), and 7.2 +/- 4.1 when incubated with A and nicotine (5 X 10(2) ng/ml). These data indicate that nicotine may interfere with factors stimulating cell proliferation, sodium pump enzyme activity, and ion flux (voltage). An effect of nicotine on the cellular Na-entry step would be consistent with the data.

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PMID: 6090765


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