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Effects of nitroglycerin on left ventricular diastolic properties in man

, : Effects of nitroglycerin on left ventricular diastolic properties in man. Zeitschrift für Kardiologie 72 Suppl 3: 62-65

The effects of nitroglycerin (NTG) on left ventricular (LV) isovolumic relaxation and diastolic function were studied in 12 patients with coronary artery disease: in 6 patients after 0.8 mg sublingual (sI) NTG and in 6 patients after 0.15 mg intracoronary (ic) NTG. From high-fidelity LV pressure peak positive and negative dP/dt, LV systolic (LVSP) and end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were measured. The time constant T of isovolumic pressure decay was derived from P = a X exp(-t/T) + c. From simultaneous diastolic pressures and volumes, pressure-volume curves were obtained throughout diastole. In an additional 14 patients, the effects of 0.15 mg ic NTG on coronary sinus blood flow (CSBF) and end-diastolic (ED) and end-systolic septal thickness (ESST) were evaluated. SI NTG produced an increase in heart rate and a decrease in LVSP, LVEDP and negative dP/dt. These effects were associated with a decrease in T and a downward shift of the pressure-volume relation. In contrast, ic NTG caused no change in heart rate, LVSP and LVEDP. The LV pressure-volume relation was not altered although T decreased. Ic NTG produced an early rise in CSBF and a sustained increase in EDST and ESST. Data indicate that sI NTG increases the speed of isovolumic relaxation and improves diastolic function, but these actions are not reflected by negative dP/dt due to its dependence on multiple hemodynamic factors. Ic NTG accelerates isovolumic relaxation, but has no measurable effects on later diastolic function. The increase in positive dP/dt may be explained by an engorgement of the coronary vasculature resulting in stretching of the myocardial fibers.


PMID: 6421016

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