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Effects of nomifensine on growth hormone and prolactin secretion in normal subjects and in pathological hyperprolactinemia

, : Effects of nomifensine on growth hormone and prolactin secretion in normal subjects and in pathological hyperprolactinemia. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 54(6): 1125-1128

We have studied the effect of the oral administration of 200 mg nomifensine (nom), a drug which activates the dopaminergic system, on GH and PRL secretion in 15 normal subjects, 18 patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, and 17 patients with tumoral hyperprolactinemia. GH levels increased significantly after nom in normal subjects (basal, 0.96 +/- 0.76 ng/ml; peak 4.6 +/- 0.61 ng/ml; P less than 0.01) and patients with hyperprolactinemia, both idiopathic (basal, 1.0 +/- 0.38 ng/ml; peak, 4.2 +/- 1.0 ng/ml; P less than 0.05) and tumoral (basal 0.88 +/- 0.3 ng/ml, peak 6.68 +/- 1.2 ng/ml; P less than 0.01). Peak GH levels higher than 5 ng/ml were observed in 8 of 15 normal subjects, 6 of 18 patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, and 8 of 17 patients with tumoral hyperprolactinemia. PRL levels decreased in response to nom in normal subjects, but not in patients with idiopathic or tumoral hyperprolactinemia. A reduction in plasma PRL levels of at least 30% below the baseline was observed only in two patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia and in none of the patients with tumoral hyperprolactinemia. These results demonstrate that nom does not discriminate between idiopathic and tumoral hyperprolactinemia. Since nom probably requires a hypothalamic pool of dopamine to bring about its GH stimulatory effect, the suggestion that the lack of a PRL-lowering effect of the drug is attributable to a dopamine deficiency is not supported by our data.


PMID: 7076795

DOI: 10.1210/jcem-54-6-1125

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