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Effects of nootropic drugs on dopaminergic systems in the CNS


, : Effects of nootropic drugs on dopaminergic systems in the CNS. Polish Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy 33(4): 431-436

The effect of 3 nootropic drugs, meclofenoxat (MEC), piracetam (PIR) and orotic acid (methylglucamine orotate, MGO), on locomotor activity and on rotational behavior after intracerebral injection of dopamine was tested in female Wistar rats. Whereas MGO-pretreatment increased the dopaminergic supersensitivity following repeated haloperidol in both behavioral tests, the other nootropics were without influence on intensity and duration of supersensitivity. Stimulating and sedative action of apomorphine on locomotion (following 2 mg/kg and 40 micrograms/kg apomorphine sc, respectively) was found to be unchanged after single doses of nootropics (300 mg/kg PIR or MEC, 225 mg/kg MGO, 30 min before apomorphine). Preceding systemic application of nootropics did not change the rotational behavior following application of dopamine (200 micrograms/2 microliters) into nucleus accumbens or nucleus caudatoputamen. The results show that nootropic drugs are without influence on spontaneous and dopaminergically stimulated locomotor activity but in contrast to PIR and MEC, MGO is able to facilitate the dopaminergic supersensitivity.

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PMID: 6799944


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