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Effects of propylthiouracil, methimazole and thyroidectomy on liver and plasma proteins: differential response to thyroxine

, : Effects of propylthiouracil, methimazole and thyroidectomy on liver and plasma proteins: differential response to thyroxine. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology 81(3): 291-296

Differential effects of propylthiouracil (PTU), methimazole (MMI) and thyroidectomy (Tx) on liver and plasma proteins have been studied in rats, some of which have been simultaneously treated with L-thyroxine (T4). Although the absolute liver weights were lower in all hypothyroid groups, the relative liver weights (g/100 g) were significantly higher in PTU and MMI groups, while in Tx group they were lower. T4 administration raised the absolute liver weights in all groups, even though there was no significant difference between relative weights in PTU and MMI groups. In Tx group, however, the relative weight was restored to control level. One of the constituents responsible for the increased relative liver weight was liver protein. The increased liver protein concentration (mg/g) was, however, not reflected in the synthesis rate which was uniformly low in all groups inspite of T4 therapy. Plasma albumin concentration was raised in hypothyroid rats which did not respond to T4 therapy. On the other hand, increased total plasma protein level was restored to normal. Relative 14C-glycine incorporation into albumin, fibrinogen, seromucoids and total proteins was reduced from 14 to 30%, 5.2 to 19% and 13 to 23% of control in PTU, MMI and Tx groups, respectively. Of these, only MMI and Tx groups appeared to be responsive to T4 therapy. Of all the protein fractions, fibrinogen synthesis was least affected by various treatments. To some extent these observations may be explained on the basis of altered general endocrine status and specific extra-thyroidal effects, rather than on the basis of thyroid status alone.


PMID: 6684061

DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1210239

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