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Genetic survey of an isolated community in Bali, Indonesia. II. Haemoglobin types and red cell isozymes

, : Genetic survey of an isolated community in Bali, Indonesia. II. Haemoglobin types and red cell isozymes. Human Heredity 32(5): 308-317

316 adults and children from an isolated community of Bali, Indonesia, have been tested for 18 red cell enzyme systems controlled by 24 loci, and haemoglobin. 13 loci were invariant. The other 11 loci showed variations similar to those found previously in Southeast Asian populations. Of special interest is the occurrence of lactate dehydrogenase Calcutta-1 variants, indicating Indian gene admixture, and PGM92, indicating a Melanesian genetic component. A few individuals were CA1 1-3Bali and this is possibly the same as other CA1 1-3 types found in the Philippines and Guam. Nearly 10% were glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient and 2% carried Hb E. A fast electrophoretic variant of G6PD was detected in 5 persons. Two sub-groups of the population were studied. Gene frequencies in the Isolate supported the view that inbreeding and genetic drift have made this sub-group genetically distinct from the non-inbred part of the population.


PMID: 7152535

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