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Immunohistologic findings in the liver, spleen, brain and skeletal muscles in fatal cholestatic viral hepatitis (following double infection with hepatitis B and non-A/non-B?)


, : Immunohistologic findings in the liver, spleen, brain and skeletal muscles in fatal cholestatic viral hepatitis (following double infection with hepatitis B and non-A/non-B?). Deutsche Zeitschrift für Verdauungs- und Stoffwechselkrankheiten 43(4): 173-184

We report immunohistological findings in liver, spleen, brain, and skeletal muscle of a 23-year-old woman with hepatitis nonA/nonB caused by contaminated anti-D-globulin. She died in a liver coma. At autopsy, a chronic liver dystrophy with cirrhosis was diagnosed. The necrotic areas of the liver showed a collapse of the reticulin framework, newly formed collagen fibres, and diffuse inflammation with immunohistological evidence of IgG, CIq, C9, and fibrinogen. C4 and C9 could be localised in bile thrombi and in the cytoplasm of pseudotubular transformed hepatocytes. In addition, C9 was found in blood vessel walls. A local distribution of HBsAg was found in the cytoplasm and/or the periphery of liver cells. HBcAg could not be detected in any of 5 different regions of the liver. A serum with antibodies to acute phase antigen of nonA/nonB hepatitis stained the cytoplasm and nuclei of (mostly intact) liver cells focally and their cell membranes diffusely. Patchy deposits of IgA and IgM were demonstrated in liver, brain und spleen. Circulating antibodies to cell nuclei and smooth muscle reacted with the patient's own liver and brain but not with spleen and skeletal muscle.--It is suggested that the manifold immunohistological findings in this patient are an expression of the vain attempt of the organism to clear away antigenic material, probably induced by different hepatitis viruses.

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PMID: 6414798


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