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L-thyroxine and 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine in rat embryos before onset of fetal thyroid function

, : L-thyroxine and 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine in rat embryos before onset of fetal thyroid function. Endocrinology 114(1): 305-307

T4 and T3 have been measured by RIA in 10-12-day-old rat embryo-trophoblasts, and in 13-20-day-old embryos and placentas, as well as in a few samples of amniotic fluid. Both T4 and T3 were measured after extraction of the samples with ethanol, purification by paper chromatography, anion exchange resin, or both. T4 and T3 could be shown in all samples studied. The amounts of T4 and T3 per conceptus and their concentrations were higher in embryo-trophoblasts and placentas than in 13-18-day-old embryos. The concentrations of T4 and T3 remained fairly constant in the embryos until day 19, when they appeared to increase. The molar ratios of T4 to T3 were 1.4, 8.5 and 103 for embryos, placentas and maternal plasma, respectively. These data show that, for at least one mammalian species, embryonic tissues are provided with T4 and T3 from the earliest date studied, namely 4 days after uterine implantation, and well before onset of thyroid function, which in the rat starts after 17 days gestational age. Such a result suggests that statements denying a possible role of thyroid hormones in early embryogenesis ought to be reconsidered.


PMID: 6690276

DOI: 10.1210/endo-114-1-305

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