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Neuroaxonal dystrophy in young adults: a clinicopathological study of two unrelated cases


, : Neuroaxonal dystrophy in young adults: a clinicopathological study of two unrelated cases. Annals of Neurology 11(4): 335-343

The clinical and pathological features of two unrelated sporadic cases of neuroaxonal dystrophy occurring in young adults are described. Initial clinical manifestations in both patients were those of primary psychiatric disorders. They subsequently developed extrapyramidal symptoms, dementia, cerebellar ataxia, and corticospinal dysfunction, but neither demonstrated myoclonic seizures. In one patient the diagnosis was made before death by brain biopsy. On pathological examination both patients showed a generalized distribution of spheroids within the central nervous system and, in one, in the peripheral nerves. In both patients, Lewy bodies were demonstrated in the pigmented brainstem nuclei. In addition, one patient showed ultrastructurally verified Lewy bodies in the cerebral cortex. Although these two cases could be considered examples of juvenile neuroaxonal dystrophy, we prefer to regard them as transitional forms in a disease spectrum with classic infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy and Hallervorden-Spatz disease at the two extremes.

US$19.90

PMID: 7103414

DOI: 10.1002/ana.410110403


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