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Neurotensin neurons in the rat hypothalamus: an immunocytochemical study

, : Neurotensin neurons in the rat hypothalamus: an immunocytochemical study. Endocrinology 107(1): 47-54

Neurotensin was localized in the hypothalamic tissues of adult Sprague-Dawley rats by immunoperoxidase techniques. Visualization of perikarya was greatly enhanced by intraventricular administration of colchicine. Many perikarya containing neurotensin-like immunoreactivity were seen in the medial preoptic area, the periventricular hypothalamus, the parvocellular portion of the paraventricular nucleus, the arcuate nucleus, and the lateral hypothalamus in the perifornical area. There were moderate numbers of cell bodies in the ventral portion of the anterior hypothalamus, the dorsomedial nucleus, and the posterior hypothalamus. No positive cells were seen in the suprachiasmatic, ventromedial, or mammillary nuclei. Reactive fibers were generally distributed in the same regions as cell bodies. Additional dense collections were seen in the lateral part of the zona externa of the median eminence, the pituitary stalk, the posterior mammillary nucleus, and the most lateral portions of the hypothalamus at the medial edge of the crura cerbri. There were smaller numbers of fibers found in the pre-mammillary and posterior hypothalamic nuclei and the posterior pituitary gland. These results indicate that the neurotensin system in the hypothalamus is very extensive and complex, as it is in many other brain regions. Neurons and fibers are found in many hypothalamic areas, including projections to the hypophysial portal system in the median eminence, suggesting that neurotensin may affect neuroendocrine mechanisms at several levels, including the anterior pituitary gland.


PMID: 6991249

DOI: 10.1210/endo-107-1-47

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