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Prevalence of different morphologic forms of the human tongue in young Finns

, : Prevalence of different morphologic forms of the human tongue in young Finns. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology 53(2): 152-156

Morphologic variations on the surface of the human tongue were examined in 381 patients divided by age into three groups (Group I--3 to 8 years old; Group II--9 to 16 years old; and Group III--17 to 35 years old). In Group I there were 84 pre-school children; in Group II there were 146 schoolchildren; in Group III there were 151 dental students and dental nurse students. The prevalence of variations in the morphology of the tongue surface in the three groups combined was as follows: fissured tongue, 5.0 percent; filiform atrophy, 5.5 percent; geographic tongue, 2.1 percent, and hairy tongue, 8.3 percent. Prevalence of both fissured tongue (p less than 0.05) and filiform atrophy (p less than 0.01) increased with the age of the population. Geographic tongue and hairy tongue did not increase significantly with age. Fissured tongue was more common in males than in females (p less than 0.05). The amount of filiform atrophy and hairy tongue was not significantly different in males and females.


PMID: 6949120

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