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Reduction of the estrogenic side effects of the mammary tumor-inhibiting drug [1,2-bis(2,6-dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)- ethylenediamine]dichloroplatinum(II) by variation of ring substituents


, : Reduction of the estrogenic side effects of the mammary tumor-inhibiting drug [1,2-bis(2,6-dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)- ethylenediamine]dichloroplatinum(II) by variation of ring substituents. Archiv der Pharmazie 328(5): 457-463

[1,2-Bis(4-methoxy/4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylenediamine]dichloroplatinum-(II) complexes with Cl-, CH3-, or OCH3-substituents in the ortho-positions of the aromatic rings (meso-1-PtCl2, D,L-1-PtCl2, meso-2-PtCl2, D,L-2-PtCl2, meso-3-PtCl2, meso-4-PtCl2, meso-5-PtCl2) were tested on the MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cell line, the lymphocytic leukemia P388, and the estrogen receptor-positive and -negative MXT mammary carcinoma of the mouse (MXT,ER(+)-MC, MXT,ER(-)-MC). The comparison of the effects of methoxy-substituted complexes (meso-1-PtCl2, D,L-1-PtCl2, meso-3-PtCl2) with those of the respective hydroxy-substituted ones (meso-2-PtCl2, D,L-2-PtCl2, meso-4-PtCl2) shows that a reduction of estrogenic effects as well as a total loss of the mammary tumor-inhibiting activity takes place on methylation of the 4-OH group. The exchange of the 2,6-standing chlorine atoms by methyl groups in meso-2-PtCl2 led to the non-estrogenic, but on the MXT,ER(+)-MC highly effective derivative meso-4-PtCl2 which proved to be also cytotoxic on ER(-)-tumors such as MXT,ER(-)-MC, and the P388 leukemia.

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PMID: 7611841


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