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Stabilization of dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F by nonionic detergents, poly(ethylene glycol) and high-molecular-weight dextran


, : Stabilization of dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F by nonionic detergents, poly(ethylene glycol) and high-molecular-weight dextran. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 785(3): 89-96

Dextransucrase (sucrose: 1,6-alpha-D-glucan 6-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase, EC 2.4.1.5) (3 IU/ml culture supernatant) was obtained by a modification of the method of Robyt and Walseth (Robyt, J.F. and Walseth, T.F. (1979) Carbohydr. Res. 68, 95-111) from a nitrosoguanidine mutant of Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F selected for high dextransucrase production. Dialyzed, concentrated culture supernatant (crude enzyme) was treated with immobilized dextranase (EC 3.2.1.11) and chromatographed on a column of Bio-Gel A-5m. The resulting, purified enzyme lost activity rapidly at 25 degrees C or on manipulation, as did the crude enzyme when diluted below 1 U/ml. Both enzyme preparations could be stabilized by low levels of high-molecular-weight dextran (2 micrograms/ml), poly(ethylene glycol) (e.g., 10 micrograms/ml PEG 20 000), or nonionic detergents (e.g., 10 micrograms/ml Tween 80). The stabilizing capacity of poly(ethylene glycol) and of dextran increased with molecular weight. Calcium had no stabilizing action in the absence of other additions, but reduced the inactivation that occurred in the presence of 0.5% bovine serum albumin or high concentrations (greater than 0.1%) of Triton X-100. In summary, dextransucrase could be stabilized against activity losses caused by heating or by dilution through the addition of low concentrations of nonionic polymers (dextran, PEG 20000, methyl cellulose) or of nonionic detergents at or slightly below their critical micelle concentrations.

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PMID: 6200140


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