+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Strategy for staging non-small cell bronchial carcinoma (NSCLC) with special reference to imaging procedures

, : Strategy for staging non-small cell bronchial carcinoma (NSCLC) with special reference to imaging procedures. Aktuelle Radiologie 5(2): 79-86

Imaging methods, especially CT and for specific questions MRI, are an essential part of diagnosis and staging of non-small cell lung cancer. They are effective methods for the detection of unresectable tumours and avoid the necessity for further invasive examinations and explorative thoracotomies. The judgement of lymph node size by CT suffers from a limited accuracy. Nevertheless, it allows guided bronchoscopical staging biopsies of enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (> 1 cm) and, therefore, a selective indication of mediastinoscopy. CT scans of the thorax usually are extended to the adrenal glands and the liver to exclude metastasis. Extrathoracic scanning beyond the upper abdomen and bone scintigraphy should be restricted to patients with clinical indicators or symptoms. The combined application of imaging methods, bronchoscopy, and mediastinoscopy provides better selection of surgical candidates and hence reduces the rate of unresectable operations.


PMID: 7756366

Other references

Chen, W.; Zhao, J.; Wen, Y.; Xie, B.; Zhou, X.; Guo, L.; Yang, L.; Wang, J.; Dai, Y.; Zhou, D., 2015: Accuracy of 3-T MRI using susceptibility-weighted imaging to detect meniscal tears of the knee. To evaluate the diagnostic performance of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) at 3-T magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of meniscal tears. Ninety-four patients with tears in the medial meniscus (31) or lateral meniscus (64) imaged wit...

Vasilatos, R.; Wangsness, P.J., 1980: Changes in concentrations of insulin, growth hormone and metabolites in plasma with spontaneous feeding in lactating dairy cows. Changes in plasma concentrations of growth hormone (GH), insulin and metabolites and their relation to spontaneous feeding in 4 lactating dairy cows were studied. Cows were fed on a 60:40, concentrate:silage, mixed diet for 100 days after calving....

Chen, Q-Hong.; Rao, P.N.Praveen.; Knaus, E.E., 2005: Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of N-acetyl-2-(or 3-)carboxymethylbenzenesulfonamides as cyclooxygenase isozyme inhibitors. A group of N-acetyl-2-(or 3-)carboxymethylbenzenesulfonamides, possessing either a F or a substituted-phenyl ring substituent (4-F, 2,4-F2, 4-SO2Me, 4-OCHMe2) attached to its C-4 or C-6 position, was prepared using a palladium-catalyzed Suzuki cro...

Scherer, W.; Madalengoitia, J.F.ores, W.A.osta, M., 1977: Epidemiological surveillance of encephalitides for the Americas, April 1977. Epidemiological surveillance of encephalitis for the Americas Monthly report: 6 (4) 1-2

Hermanek, Jiri., 1993: Recent trends in immunoparasitology. A brief survey of papers presented at the 8th International Congress of Immunology (Budapest, August 23-28, 1992). Folia Parasitologica (Ceske Budejovice): 401: 58-60

Muther, T.F., 1977: On the lack of specificity of the cobalt-bicarbonate method for carbonic anhydrase. Data are presented that support a nonenzymic mechanism for the staining obtained with the cobalt-bicarbonate method. The biochemically inactive apocarbonic anhydrase and Cu+2 apocarbonic anhydrase stain positively and this stain is inhibited by ac...

Ugljesic, M., 1997: Response to Dr. Rene Laugier. International Journal of Pancreatology 22(1): 77-78

Leirisalo-Repo, M., 1995: Antibiotic treatment in rheumatoid arthritis?. Duodecim; Laaketieteellinen Aikakauskirja 111(13): 1181-1182

Galloro, V., 2001: Opposites attract. Hospitals, assisted living can form strong bonds. Modern Healthcare 30(43): 40, 42-40, 42

Derycke, L.; Pérez-Novo, C.; Van Crombruggen, K.; Corriveau, M-Noëlle.; Bachert, C., 2010: Staphylococcus aureus and Chronic Airway Disease. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is correlated with the development of persistent severe inflammatory disease of the upper airway including chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. This inflammation of the upper airways is characterized by a T-h...