geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The concepts of disease


, : The concepts of disease. Psychological Medicine 10(3): 419-424

Concepts of disease have often been influenced by mediaeval scholastic doctrines. Today these are best replaced by the premises of modern class logic. One of the basic problems then concerns the universal class of patients. Its solution depends on the answer to the question: What are the distinguishing attributes of this class? Scadding stipulated that these attributes must differ from the norm of a species and be associated with biological disadvantage. This paper argues that these attributes must be abnormal by the standards of a population and/or the norms of an individual, and must be associated with at least one of three criteria: (a) therapeutic concern for himself experienced by a person, (b) such concern for him experienced by his social environment, and (c) medical concern for him. This solution, though based on subjective criteria, seems to tally with the actual practice in diagnosing disease.

US$29.90

PMID: 7443895


Other references

Anonymous, 1983: Trees capture auto pollutants Air pollution control. Crops and soils magazine 35(4): 22-23

Liu, H.; Lelievre, J., 1992: Transitions in frozen gelatinized-starch systems studied by differential scanning calorimetry. Differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.) has been used to study the transitions that occur when gelatinized-starch systems are heated from -20 degree C to +20 degree c. The samples contained from 10 to 70% polymer. With gelatinized suspensions c...

Rust, C.; Vennegerts, T.; Bauchmuller, K.; Beuers, U., 2002: Sulfasalazine inhibits bile acid-induced apoptosis in human HepG2 hepatoma cells. Hepatology 36(4 Part 2): 324A, October

Bergen, W.G., 1969: In vitro studies on protein digestion, amino acid absorption interactions. The compositions of amino acids liberated by pepsin digestion from egg, rumen protozoal and rumen bacterial protein differed from the amino acid composition of the 3 protein sources. Total histidine and methionine uptake by rat jejunal rings in vi...

Gu, X.; Song, R.; Chen, Z.; Yuan, W., 2015: The expression and significance of adaptin-2 in mice cochlea. To investigate the expression of adaptin-2(AP-2) in mice cochlea and to discuss the probable role in the endocytosis of hair cells. Laser scanning confocal microscopy and immune-fluroscence histochemistry were performed in this study. In mature mi...

Kundu, K.P.; Penko, P.F., 2000: Numerical calculation of NOx formation in combustion of complex hydrocarbon fuels. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 219(1-2): ENVR 137

Sparsa, L.; Kolta, S.; Briot, K.; Paternotte, S.; Masri, R.; Loeuille, D.; Geusens, P.; Roux, C., 2014: Prospective assessment of bone texture parameters at the hand in rheumatoid arthritis. Fractal bone analysis (Hmean) is a texture parameter reflecting bone microarchitecture. The BMA device (D3A Medical Systems, Orl ans, France) is a high-resolution X-ray device that allows assessment of bone texture analysis. We aimed to measure Hm...

Miyazaki M.; Fujimoto S.; Okui K., 1981: Tumor associated cell mediated immune response of gastric cancer patients with particular emphasis on correlation with tumor burden and effects of surgical tumor removal. Tumor specific cell-mediated immunity was studied in 38 gastric cancer patients and 38 normal persons with lymphoproliferative (LP) responses by autologous and allogeneic soluble tumor-associated antigens (TAA). Allogeneic TAA-induced LP responses...

Szeghalmi, A.; Kaminskyj, S.; Gough, K.M., 2006: A synchrotron FTIR microspectroscopy investigation of fungal hyphae grown under optimal and stressed conditions. Synchrotron FTIR can provide high spatial resolution (<10 microm pixel size) in situ biochemical analyses of intact biotissues, an area of increasing importance in the post-genomic era, as gene functions and gene networks are coming under direc...

Vega-Maray, A.M.; Fernández-González, D.; Valencia-Barrera, R.; Polo, F.; Seoane-Camba, J.A.; Sudrez-Cervera, M., 2004: Lipid transfer proteins in Parietaria judaica L. pollen grains: immunocytochemical localization and function. Parietaria judaica L. (Urticaceae) pollen is considered one of the most common causes of allergic respiratory symptoms in the Mediterranean area. The localization of lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) in P judaica mature and hydrated-activated pollen...