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A model for psychiatric nursing accompaniment of a patient with mental discomfort. Part I. Research method and design

, : A model for psychiatric nursing accompaniment of a patient with mental discomfort. Part I. Research method and design. Curationis 16(1): 23-32

The research process did not proceed in the traditional step-by-step manner. A theory-generating approach was followed by way of exploration and description. The first three levels: factor-isolating, factor-relating and situation relating theories, were generated. A conceptual framework for psychiatric nursing accompaniment was formulated on the basis of concept identification and classification. The concepts mental discomfort, lifestyle functioning and psychiatric nursing accompaniment were identified and subjected to concept analysis. A systematic, logical and consistent approach lead to the conceptualization of the model for psychiatric nursing accompaniment of the patient with mental discomfort. This addresses the initial question according to which the psychiatric nursing specialist could direct her interaction, and also clears up the confusion around the concept of accompaniment. The quest for wholeness is set as the final goal of the accompaniment events, and lifestyle functioning is established as an unit for assessment and diagnosing. Hypotheses for validation of the model were formulated for follow-up research. The conceptualised model for psychiatric nursing accompaniment of the patient with mental discomfort is followed by a literature study of models and theories for nursing and related disciplines and critically judged according to their main themes, application possibilities and limitations. The model for psychiatric nursing accompaniment of the patient with mental discomfort is evaluated on the basis of predetermined criteria. The shortcomings and conclusions are indicated and recommendations are made according to the operational possibilities of the research.


PMID: 8334737

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